U.S. Wind Industry Fast Facts
The U.S. wind industry represents not only a large market for wind power capacity installations but also a growing market for American manufacturing. The following statistics provide a snapshot of the U.S. wind industry:
Total U.S. utility-scale wind power capacity, through the second quarter of 2014: 61,946 MW
U.S. wind power capacity installed during the first half of 2014: 835 MW
U.S. wind power capacity under construction as of the first half of 2014: 14,000 MW
U.S. wind power capacity installed in previous years (including small wind turbines):
2013: 1,084 MW
2012: 13,131 MW
2011: 6,810 MW
2010: 5,216 MW
2009: 10,010 MW
2008: 8,366 MW
2007: 5,258 MW
Number of states with utility-scale wind installations by the end of 2013: 39 plus Puerto Rico
U.S. wind resource potential, onshore: 10,400,000 MW (Source: NREL)
U.S. wind resource potential, offshore: 4,150,000 MW (Source: NREL)
Top five states with wind power capacity installed through the first half of 2014:
- Texas: 12,753 MW
- California: 5,829 MW
- Iowa: 5,177 MW
- Illinois: 3,568 MW
- Oregon: 3,153 MW
As of the first quarter in 2013, the United States reached 60,009 MW, or 60 gigawatts (GW), of installed wind capacity. What does 60 GW mean?
- It powers the equivalent of 14.7 million American homes, or the number of homes in Colorado, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada and Ohio combined.
- It represents $120 billion of investment in the U.S.
- It provides electricity generation equivalent to 14 nuclear power plants or 52 coal plants.
- Each year, wind energy produces electricity equivalent to burning 320 million barrels of oil.
- It avoids 95.9 million tons of CO2, or roughly 4.2% of the CO2 emissions of the entire power sector. This CO2 avoidance is the same as taking 17.5 million cars off the road.
- It avoids the consumption of 36.6 billion gallons of water annually.